The Present Perfect

This is another Spanish past tense to go along with the Pretérito Indefinido (Preterite or simple past) and the Preterito Imperfecto (Imperfect past or things you ‘used to do’).

Whereas the Preterite and Imperfect are used for events in the past that are considered completed the Present Perfect is used more to describe things that started in the past but continue into the Present.

Basically it’s the equivalent of the tense ‘I have done something’ in English and is made up of two verbs as in English, those being the verb to have and then the ‘past participle of another verb i.e. to eat = eaten, to dance = danced, to speak = spoken.

In Spanish though we use the verb Haber + past participle and so it works like this. NOTE that we do not use Tener in Spanish for this tense:

Haber = to have (done something)

he                                                                                      hablado (from hablar)
has
ha                                  +          Past Participle         comido (from comer)
hemos
habéis                                                                             vivido (from vivir)
han

As you can see to form the past participle you simply remove the -AR from the verb and add -ado, or removed -ER/-IR and add -ido.

There are also a number of irregulars you need to be aware of:

abrir (to open) – abierto (open)

cubrir (to cover) – cubierto (covered)

decir (to say) – dicho (said)

escribir (to write) – escrito (written)

freír (to fry) – frito (fried)

hacer (to do) – hecho (done)

morir (to die) – muerto (dead)

poner (to put) – puesto (put)

resolver (to resolve) – resuelto (resolved)

romper (to break) – roto (broken)

ver (to see) – visto (seen)

volver (to return) – vuelto (returned)

Below are a series of links which summarise the tense well and allow you to practice with it:

Spanishdict.com gives a decent summary here but it doesn’t specifically mention the irregulars

There is a good summary from studyspanish.com here of the past participles.

And more from studyspanish.com here on the present perfect tense itself. Be sure to do the practice quizzes available on the left hand side.  

Here’s a good practice exercise on BK Nelson.

1st Year Summer Exam

The summer exam for 1st years will be based on everything we have covered in Primer Paso 1 since August. In particular be sure to learn all the key words in the ‘Vocabulario’ boxes in each Unit and be clear on all the grammar points.

In summary:

Know Ser, Estar and Tener and how they are used.

Know your Regular -AR, -ER and -IR verbs

Know Gustar and how it works: me gusta el perro V me gustan los perros

Know Hacer and Ir and the phrases you  can use with it to say what you like to do.

Know the days of the week, dates and months. Know how to say ‘On Friday’ – ‘El viernes’ or ‘On Fridays’ – ‘Los viernes’

Be able to describe your family, remember you’ll neeed to use ‘Hay’ here, for example – hay cinco personas en mi familia.

Be able to describe somebody; what they look like and personality.

Be able to say where you live, describe your house or a room etc.

Know the how to tell the time.

Know the basic food from the book.

If you look back through the blog you will find lots of activities you can use to study and practice.

 

La Comida

This is a great page from BBC Languages that will help you with Food vocabulary and how to create some  basic sentences that you’ll be able to use in your exams.

BBC Languages Food & Drink

1 Curso – La Casa y Las Horas

Below you will find some practice exercises based on the topics we have been covering in class over the last few weeks.

La Casa:

Los Muebles – Quizlet

http://www.ver-taal.com/voc_casa.htm – Loads of activities here, including the furniture in each room.

http://www.ver-taal.com/mem_casa.htm – A memory game to practice the vocab with

Las Horas:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primarylanguages/spanish/school_day/times/ – Some practice activities from the BBC Languages website

http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_hora1.htm

Irregular Verbs in the Preterite (Past Tense)

Following on from this afternoon’s class I would like you to group the irregular verbs by their different types in your hardbacks, as I did on the board and learn them.

To help you click on the link below. It’s a great help and breaks the verbs up nicely. You’ll notice that there are a few extra verbs at the bottom but you can ignore these for now if you like.

Remember to focus on the verbs that I ticked, they’re the most important and you will need them.

BK NELSON – THE PRETERITE TENSE GUIDE

You can start practicing the irregular verbs on the same site by clicking this link:

PRACTICE THE IRREGULAR VERBS

MORE PRACTICE FOR THE VERBS WITH IRREGULAR STEMS

Remember practicing regularly is very important with this tense, so keep at it.

El Pretérito – The Past Tense in Spanish (Regular Verbs)

The Past Tense in Spanish can be challenging so it’s important to break it up into manageable pieces and study it and practice it well and often.

As we progress through the different verbs I will add new links for you to practice with but for now we will start with the Regular Verbs and some key vocabulary.

Regular Verbs

Below you will find a few exercises to help you revise the Regular verbs in the Pretérito Indefinido (the past tense).

Review of the Preterito Indefinido Regular Verbs with some practice quizzes in the column on the left.

Click here for a good exercise to practice conjugating the Regular Verbs. 

Here is a multiple choice exercise.

Key Vocabulary

And here is some VERY VERY IMPORTANT vocabulary. These words are ‘trigger‘ words for the Preterite Tense. That means that whenever we see them or use them we know we also need to use the Preterite.

Trigger Words for the Preterite Tense

The Present Perfect

This is another Spanish past tense to go along with the Pretérito Indefinido (Preterite or simple past) and the Preterito Imperfecto (Imperfect past or things you ‘used to do’).

Whereas the Preterite and Imperfect are used for events in the past that are considered completed the Present Perfect is used more to describe things that started in the past but continue into the Present.

Basically it’s the equivalent of the tense ‘I have done something’ in English and is made up of two verbs as in English, those being the verb to have and then the ‘past participle of another verb i.e. to eat = eaten, to dance = danced, to speak = spoken.

In Spanish though we use the verb Haber + past participle and so it works like this. NOTE that we do not use Tener in Spanish for this tense:

Haber = to have (done something)

he                                                                                      hablado (from hablar)
has
ha                                  +          Past Participle         comido (from comer)
hemos
habéis                                                                             vivido (from vivir)
han

As you can see to form the past participle you simply remove the -AR from the verb and add -ado, or removed -ER/-IR and add -ido.

There are also a number of irregulars you need to be aware of:

abrir (to open) – abierto (open)

cubrir (to cover) – cubierto (covered)

decir (to say) – dicho (said)

escribir (to write) – escrito (written)

freír (to fry) – frito (fried)

hacer (to do) – hecho (done)

morir (to die) – muerto (dead)

poner (to put) – puesto (put)

resolver (to resolve) – resuelto (resolved)

romper (to break) – roto (broken)

ver (to see) – visto (seen)

volver (to return) – vuelto (returned)

 

 

Below are a series of links which summarise the tense well and allow you to practice with it:

Spanishdict.com gives a decent summary here but it doesn’t specifically mention the irregulars

There is a good summary from studyspanish.com here of the past participles.

And more from studyspanish.com here on the present perfect tense itself. Be sure to do the practice quizzes available on the left hand side.  

Here’s a good practice exercise on BK Nelson.

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