2nd Year – DOP’s (Direct Object Pronouns)

Here are a few links for you to practice the DOP’s with. Although they might seem a little tricky in class, the more practice you do the easier they get. Before long you won’t even have to think about them.

StudySpanish.com – Try each of the following links in order. They might look the same at first but continue reading to the bottom of each to note the differences:

1. DOP’s

2. Negative Sentences with DOP’s

3. Infinitive Verbs with DOP’s 

Each of the links above have free Practice Quizzes that go with them so be sure to have a go.

Some more exercises:

1. Replace the underlined noun with a pronoun

2. Fill in the correct pronoun and conjugate the verb

3. Practice the pronouns with Infinitives


3 Curso – Preterite v Imperfect

We’ve seen how that Spanish unlike English uses two past tense. The Indefinido for single events in the past that have been considered completed at  a specific time, whereas the Imperfecto is used to describe events in the past in a ‘continuous‘ sense, that is to speak of things that were ‘happening‘ or that we ‘used to’ do.

Think of our Timeline here with the Indefinido representing the X’s, the single events, that occurred on the timeline and the Imperfect as being the continuous line that runs the length of the timeline, with no specific time being referred to.

Click the following links (in order) to review the uses of each and then practice them:

Overview from spanishdict.com with associated practice quizzes. 

An excellent series of exercises from BK Nelson that will get you into the habit of using both tenses.

1 Curso: Regular -AR verbs in Spanish

We’ll start with the regular -AR verbs. The good news is that there are more -AR verbs than -ER and -IR verbs and once you know the rule for one regular -AR verb you’ll know the rule for all Regular -AR verbs. So, provided you know the infinitive of a verb you’ll definitely be able to say who did something and at when they did it (but we’ll be looking at past and future much later).

For now lets look at the steps we need to follow:

1 – Take the infinitive of the verb, for example Hablar – to speak.

2. Take off the ending -AR, which leaves you with the stem Habl-.

3. Now add the following endings depending on who is doing the speaking:

-o               –    I
-as             –    You
-a               –    He/She/It/You (polite)
-amos      –     We
-ais           –     You (plural)
-an            –     They/You (plural & polite)

So we would get:

Hablo                     –     I speak
Hablas                   –     You speak
Habla                     –     He/She/It/You (polite) speaks
Hablamos            –     We speak
Hablais                 –      You (plural) speak
Hablan                  –      They/You (plural & polite) speak

The same steps then apply for any regular -AR verbs such as Bailar – to dance, Cantar – to sing, Estudiar – to study, Caminar – to walk. Have a go at conjugating these yourself.

Regular Verbs Review

Click here to practice with more common regular -AR verbs in a series of games.

Practice the pattern of a regular -AR verb (tocar – to touch) here.

Of course we also have Irregular verbs that do not follow these simple steps and we’ll come to them later. The good news is that you already know 3 of the most important irregular verbs; Ser, Estar and Tener.


El Imperfecto

The past tense in Spanish is little more difficult than in English. Were we use one past tense Spanish uses two, we’ve already seen one in the Preterite (for a quick review click here). Now we’re going to look at the Imperfect which is used to talk about things you ‘used to do’ (I used to live in Cork, we used to have a dog) or to describe things in the past (the sun was shining, the birds were singing).

We’ll come back to the differences between the two past tenses in more detail but for now lets concentrate on how you form the imperfect. Click on the links below for a review of the imperfect and some practice exercises.

Review of the Imperfect with a practice quiz at the top. 

Another review with another quiz.

Flashcards with verb endings for -AR and -ER/-IR verbs plus the irregulars

A challenge game to practice the forms of the imperfect. The higher the points, the harder the question.

A gap fill activity.


1 Curso – Los Días y Los Meses

Over the last few days we’ve started to take a look at the days of the week and months of the year in Spanish. Below are a few sites for you to take a look at that will help you learn them and how to use them:

A very good summary of the days of the week here, there are some practice quizzes on the menu to the left. 

And the months and seasons can be found here, again with some practice quizzes.

A fantastic site from the BBC that allows you to learn the vocabulary and then you can play some games to practice. Unfortunately the videos will not work in Ireland.

A good youtube video can be viewed here that reviews the days and months in Spanish.

A series of games from Quia.com to practice with.

Pasálo bien!


1 Curso – Ser v Estar

In class we learned that Ser and Estar both mean ‘To Be’ but we use them for different things.

Remember the phrase ‘For how you feel and Where you are always use the verb Estar’.

That means we can use Ser for almost everything else; origin, nationality, character, professions, physical descriptions (including colours) and saying what things are or who they belong to.

Use the links below to read more about the differences and make sure to do the practice quizzes in the column on the left:

Ser v Estar 1

Ser v Estar 2

Ser v Estar 3

Ser v Estar 4

Here is another good explanation of the differences between Ser and Estar. When you’re finished reading click the green ‘QUIZ’ button to test yourself. Click here.


6 Curso – Sample Opinion Pieces

Click here to access the Opinion Pieces on Google Drive.