Archive for 17 abril 2016

The Present Perfect

This is another Spanish past tense to go along with the Pretérito Indefinido (Preterite or simple past) and the Preterito Imperfecto (Imperfect past or things you ‘used to do’).

Whereas the Preterite and Imperfect are used for events in the past that are considered completed the Present Perfect is used more to describe things that started in the past but continue into the Present.

Basically it’s the equivalent of the tense ‘I have done something’ in English and is made up of two verbs as in English, those being the verb to have and then the ‘past participle of another verb i.e. to eat = eaten, to dance = danced, to speak = spoken.

In Spanish though we use the verb Haber + past participle and so it works like this. NOTE that we do not use Tener in Spanish for this tense:

Haber = to have (done something)

he                                                                                      hablado (from hablar)
ha                                  +          Past Participle         comido (from comer)
habéis                                                                             vivido (from vivir)

As you can see to form the past participle you simply remove the -AR from the verb and add -ado, or removed -ER/-IR and add -ido.

There are also a number of irregulars you need to be aware of:

abrir (to open) – abierto (open)

cubrir (to cover) – cubierto (covered)

decir (to say) – dicho (said)

escribir (to write) – escrito (written)

freír (to fry) – frito (fried)

hacer (to do) – hecho (done)

morir (to die) – muerto (dead)

poner (to put) – puesto (put)

resolver (to resolve) – resuelto (resolved)

romper (to break) – roto (broken)

ver (to see) – visto (seen)

volver (to return) – vuelto (returned)



Below are a series of links which summarise the tense well and allow you to practice with it: gives a decent summary here but it doesn’t specifically mention the irregulars

There is a good summary from here of the past participles.

And more from here on the present perfect tense itself. Be sure to do the practice quizzes available on the left hand side.  

Here’s a good practice exercise on BK Nelson.

La Casa y Los Muebles

Unos actividades para practicar el vocabulario de La Casa y Los Muebles.

¿Dónde está?

La Casa de Mis Abuelos

Los Muebles en el Dormitorio – Crucigrama

*** NUEVA ACTIVIDAD *** Muebles de la casa

El Futuro

Un tiempo verbal muy fácil a dominar y será muy importante cuando se trata de escribir ensayos.

Empieza aqui con este enlaces que explica bien cómo formar el future simple.

Ejercicio que os deja cambiar un verbo del pasado al futuro.

Ejercicio de Los Optimistas y Los Pesimistas

Las Ciudades del Futuro

1º Curso – ¿Dónde está tu casa?

Click the link below to practice revising the vocabulary of La Casa:

Some Flashcards you to practice how to say where you live.

Some more Flashcards and Games to learn vocabulary for Los Cuartos

Loads of games to practice with.

And a nice crossword from