Archive for 28 febrero 2018

1 Curso – Los Días y Los Meses

Over the last few days we’ve started to take a look at the days of the week and months of the year in Spanish. Below are a few sites for you to take a look at that will help you learn them and how to use them:

A very good summary of the days of the week here, there are some practice quizzes on the menu to the left. 

And the months and seasons can be found here, again with some practice quizzes.

A fantastic site from the BBC that allows you to learn the vocabulary and then you can play some games to practice. Unfortunately the videos will not work in Ireland.

A good youtube video can be viewed here that reviews the days and months in Spanish.

A series of games from Quia.com to practice with.

Pasálo bien!

2nd Year: The Immediate Future Tense

This is probably the easiest tense to learn and use in Spanish as you only need to know how to conjugate one verb ‘Ir’ and there are no irregulars.

Remember our 3 steps to forming the Immediate Futre:

Step 1: Conjugate the verb ‘Ir’ depending on WHO is doing the action

Voy             –               I am going …..
Vas              –              you are going ……
Va                –             He/she is going …….
Vamos       –            We are going …..
Vais            –            You (pl) are going ……
Van            –             They are going ……

Step 2: Add an ‘a’.

Step 3: Add the infinitive of the verb that is going to be done.

Voy a bailar     –     I am going to dance
Vas a comer      –   You are going to eat

*** Remember to learn the Trigger Words that go with this tense ***

Click here to take a practice quiz.

 

 

1 Curso – Ser v Estar

In class we learned that Ser and Estar both mean ‘To Be’ but we use them for different things.

Remember the phrase ‘For how you feel and Where you are always use the verb Estar’.

That means we can use Ser for almost everything else; origin, nationality, character, professions, physical descriptions (including colours) and saying what things are or who they belong to.

Use the links below to read more about the differences and make sure to do the practice quizzes in the column on the left:

Ser v Estar 1

Ser v Estar 2

Ser v Estar 3

Ser v Estar 4

Here is another good explanation of the differences between Ser and Estar. When you’re finished reading click the green ‘QUIZ’ button to test yourself. Click here.

The Present Perfect

This is another Spanish past tense that basically it’s the equivalent of the tense ‘I have done something’ in English and is made up of two verbs as in English, those being the verb to have and then the ‘past participle of another verb i.e. to eat = eaten, to dance = danced, to speak = spoken.

In Spanish though we use the verb Haber + past participle and so it works like this. NOTE that we do not use Tener in Spanish for this tense:

Haber = to have (done something)

he                                                                                      hablado (from hablar)
has
ha                                  +          Past Participle         comido (from comer)
hemos
habéis                                                                             vivido (from vivir)
han

As you can see to form the past participle you simply remove the -AR from the verb and add -ado, or removed -ER/-IR and add -ido.

There are also a number of irregulars you need to be aware of:

abrir (to open) – abierto (open)

cubrir (to cover) – cubierto (covered)

decir (to say) – dicho (said)

escribir (to write) – escrito (written)

freír (to fry) – frito (fried)

hacer (to do) – hecho (done)

morir (to die) – muerto (dead)

poner (to put) – puesto (put)

resolver (to resolve) – resuelto (resolved)

romper (to break) – roto (broken)

ver (to see) – visto (seen)

volver (to return) – vuelto (returned)

Below are a series of links which summarise the tense well and allow you to practice with it:

Spanishdict.com gives a decent summary here but it doesn’t specifically mention the irregulars

There is a good summary from studyspanish.com here of the past participles.

And more from studyspanish.com here on the present perfect tense itself. Be sure to do the practice quizzes available on the left hand side.  

Here’s a good practice exercise on BK Nelson.