Archive for the ‘6 Curso’ Category

6 Curso – La Tierra y Su Estado de Salud

Anuncio Medio Ambiente.

Vea el video y luego contesta las preguntas al fondo de la página.

Unos Artículos para leer y aprender más:

TITULARES:
http://www.rtve.es/noticias/20110804/capa-hielo-artico-disminuye-hasta-casi-minimos-historicos/452251.shtml
http://www.rtve.es/noticias/20110530/emisiones-gases-contaminantes-llegan-niveles-record-segun-aie/435623.shtml
http://www.rtve.es/noticias/20101230/ano-luchar-bosques/391222.shtml
http://www.rtve.es/noticias/20100620/identifican-glaciar-antartico-como-fuente-principal-subida-del-nivel-global-delmar/336440.shtml
http://www.rtve.es/noticias/20100517/cambio-climatico-amenaza-costas-mediterraneas/331575.shtml

PROBLEMAS MEDIOAMBIENTALES:
http://www.elpais.com/graficos/sociedad/Problemas/ambientales/elpgrasoc/20030422elpepusoc_3/Ges/

NOTICIA:
http://www.elpais.com/articulo/sociedad/barco/energias/renovables/recorre/Espana/elpepusoc/20110715elpepusoc_1/Tes

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6 Curso – Past Participles (with Ser)

The Past Participles in Spanish can be used in a variety of ways.

First we saw them used in the Present Perfect Tense with the verb Haber

He
Has                                                                                          -ar = -ado          (hablar = hablado)
Ha                                  +       Past Particple                      -er = -ido           (comer = comido)
Hemos                                                                                    -ir = -ido            (vivir = vivido)
Habéis
Han

There are of course a list of irregulars as well we you can find in De Acuerdo P.67. You can revise the Present Perfect by clicking here.

However we can also use the Past Participles with Ser to construct the Passive Voice. This is normally seen in journalistic articles so it’s important to be able to recognise it even if you don’t use it. Click here for a quick rundown on this, make sure you practice using the quizzes on the left hand side of the page.

Essentially we conjugate Ser in whatever tense we require and then follow it with the past participle of the action being ‘done’ for example:

Este libro fue esrcrito por Cervantes.

 

 

 

6 Curso – The Impersonal and Passive Voice in Spanish

You can find a good review of this topic in De Acuerdo (Unit 10 p 120 – 123). However there are some other explanations attached below along with some practice exercises.

First up is the Impersonal ‘Se’, used when the subject of verb is unknown. Good for general statements, for example:

Se habla español en perú.
Se debe estudiar mucho.
¿Cómo se dice ´book´ en español? 

Click here to review and practice.

 

We also have the Passive ´Se´ used for when the subject of the verb and the object of the verb are the same. For example:

Se come la tarta  – the cake was eaten.

By who? We don´t know, we don´t need to know. This is a Passive sentence. Click here to review Active v Passive.

Click here to review and practice.

As differentiating between the two can be quite difficult you can practice the Impersonal Se v Passive Se by clicking here.

There is also the case of the Accidental Se. We use this for unplanned events. It basically works the same as Gustar only with a Se added to the start of the sentence.

You can click here to practice but only move onto this when you are comfortable with the Impersonal and Passive Se.

El Imperativo

Hay una buena explicación del imperativo aquí.  – spanishdict.com imperative review.

Puedes practicar un poco más aquí – Ejercicios del imperativo. 

Recuerda! la mejor forma de aprender los tiempos verbales en español es por la practica.

Leaving Certificate HL – The Opinion Piece

Sample Opinion Pieces & Notes.

I’ve attached a link to Google Drives with some sample Opinion Pieces that I’ve collected over the years for you to have a look at. I would not recommend learning them off as you don’t know if they’ll necessarily apply to the question your given. Rather look at the structure of the pieces, the vocab and phrases they use, take some ideas from them and write some sample plans.

Remember that when writing an opinion piece once you make your content relevant to the title you should be ok. It’s up to you to make it fit.

You’ll also find some vocabulary and hint sheets on what constitutes a good Opinion Piece though you have most of these already.

Google Drives Sample Opinion Pieces

Leaving Cert HL Reading Practice

Below are a series of links that you can go to to practice reading Spanish and in order to do well at HL Spanish you need to read as much as possible.

Remember it’s as important if not more important to focus on vocabulary as opposed to grammar. Knowing the rules of grammar is only of a benefit to you if you have the vocabulary to apply them to.

As such when studying Spanish you should incorporate as much  reading and listening as possible. Reading refreshes vocabulary already acquired as well as introducing you to new vocabulary. Also try to identify any grammar that you have studied, observe sentence structure and see how this translates to English. Doing so will help not only with Reading Comprehension but also with Written Expression. Some of these sites also have review exercises to test your understanding.

A possible form of written practice would be to rewrite in summary form each paragraph from an article you’ve just read. This is excellent practice for opinion piece writing.

http://www.veintemundos.com/en/

http://www.20minutos.es/

http://www.bbc.com/mundo

http://paper.li/THWprofesora/1353097661

http://www.practicaespanol.com/

http://www.scoop.it/t/spanish-as-a-second-language-1

http://practicopedia.lainformacion.com/

http://www.muyinteresante.es/

http://www.efefuturo.com/

Grammar Revision Websites

The following links are all excellent for revising grammar points. Best practice would be to revise the topic in De Acuerdo or http://www.studyspanish.com (see link below) and then work through the websites to see what exercises you can find. 

Grammar Revision

StudySpanish.com Grammar – Good, simple but basic explanations with some free quizzes attached

BK Nelson Spanish – An old favourite that covers most topics very well. Completely in Spanish.

SpanishDict.com Grammar – Explanations by grammar topic with associated quiz.

Ver Taal Grammar – Excellent site with grammar, vocab, listening and any other number of other components.