Archive for the ‘Gramática’ Category

6 Curso – The Impersonal and Passive Voice in Spanish

You can find a good review of this topic in De Acuerdo (Unit 10 p 120 – 123). However there are some other explanations attached below along with some practice exercises.

First up is the Impersonal ‘Se’, used when the subject of verb is unknown. Good for general statements, for example:

Se habla español en perú.
Se debe estudiar mucho.
¿Cómo se dice ´book´ en español? 

Click here to review and practice.

 

We also have the Passive ´Se´ used for when the subject of the verb and the object of the verb are the same. For example:

Se come la tarta  – the cake was eaten.

By who? We don´t know, we don´t need to know. This is a Passive sentence. Click here to review Active v Passive.

Click here to review and practice.

As differentiating between the two can be quite difficult you can practice the Impersonal Se v Passive Se by clicking here.

There is also the case of the Accidental Se. We use this for unplanned events. It basically works the same as Gustar only with a Se added to the start of the sentence.

You can click here to practice but only move onto this when you are comfortable with the Impersonal and Passive Se.

Anuncios

El Imperativo

Hay una buena explicación del imperativo aquí.  – spanishdict.com imperative review.

Puedes practicar un poco más aquí – Ejercicios del imperativo. 

Recuerda! la mejor forma de aprender los tiempos verbales en español es por la practica.

5º – Usando el Subjuntivo

The following links provide numerous exercises with which to practice the various uses of the present subjunctive and its conjugations, make sure you get plenty in over the break.

Have your book ‘De Acuerdo’ handy if you need to review any conjugations or if you need to clarify any rules whilst doing the exercises.

BK Nelson

Impersonal Phrases and the Subjunctive

Ojalá and the Subjunctive (Listening)

Incomplete Actions

Uncertainty/Doubt

Loads of links to practice all aspects of the Subjunctive

5º – Verbos Irregulares en el Subjuntivo

En las últimas clases hemos visto como se forma los verbos regulares en el subjuntivo. Ahora podemos practicar con los irregulares. De nuevo la página web BK Nelson es nuestra amiga ya que hay un montón de ejercicios con que podemos practicar. Abajo podéis encontrar unos enlaces:

Repasos del Subjuntivo:

Como se forma los verbos regulares e irregulares.

Verbos regulares y los con cambio de raiz

Verbos con cambios ortograficos 

Verbos irregulares

Para Practicar:

Ejercicios de BK Nelson

Más ejercicios

5º Curso – El Subjuntivo

Al fin estamos a punto de luchar contra el subjuntivo. El año pasado vimos un poco de este modo a traves del imperativo sin embargo este año vamos a ver no solo cómo se forma sino como se usa. Abajo podéis encontrar unos enlaces útiles para repasar y practicar el modo.

Repasos:

http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/subj1.htm – Un buen repaso del modo con que puedes practicar un poco también.

Práctica:

http://www.colby.edu/~bknelson/SLC/subj_pres.php – una selección buena de ejercicios aquí. Si practicáis con estas no tendréis problemas.

http://www.aprenderespanol.org/verbos/subjuntivo-presente.html

Grammar Revision Websites

The following links are all excellent for revising grammar points. Best practice would be to revise the topic in De Acuerdo or http://www.studyspanish.com (see link below) and then work through the websites to see what exercises you can find. 

Grammar Revision

StudySpanish.com Grammar – Good, simple but basic explanations with some free quizzes attached

BK Nelson Spanish – An old favourite that covers most topics very well. Completely in Spanish.

SpanishDict.com Grammar – Explanations by grammar topic with associated quiz.

Ver Taal Grammar – Excellent site with grammar, vocab, listening and any other number of other components.

5 Curso: Por v Para

Por and Para can cause a lot of problems for the English speaker, especially when we pigeon hole both words as meaning ´for´. In reality the uses of each can be far more nuanced, specifically ‘Por’.

I would advise you to focus specifically on the uses of ‘Para’ though as these are fewer and in my opinion are slightly more logical, you can then almost assume that most other uses are served by ‘Por’ (it is also advisable to learn some of the set expressions and idioms used with ‘por’, they are many)

Have a look at the following links:

A decent review of the uses of both from Studyspanish.com

Another summary from Spanish.about.com

A nice little discussion on the subtle differences sometimes seen between Por and Para, particularly when speaking of motives. 

 

Some practice exercises:

The ever reliable BK Nelson

Por v Para 1

Por v Para 2

Loads of links to various exercises here