Archive for the ‘Gramática’ Category

2nd Year – DOP’s (Direct Object Pronouns)

Here are a few links for you to practice the DOP’s with. Although they might seem a little tricky in class, the more practice you do the easier they get. Before long you won’t even have to think about them.

StudySpanish.com – Try each of the following links in order. They might look the same at first but continue reading to the bottom of each to note the differences:

1. DOP’s

2. Negative Sentences with DOP’s

3. Infinitive Verbs with DOP’s 

Each of the links above have free Practice Quizzes that go with them so be sure to have a go.

Some more exercises:

1. Replace the underlined noun with a pronoun

2. Fill in the correct pronoun and conjugate the verb

3. Practice the pronouns with Infinitives

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1 Curso: Regular -AR verbs in Spanish

We’ll start with the regular -AR verbs. The good news is that there are more -AR verbs than -ER and -IR verbs and once you know the rule for one regular -AR verb you’ll know the rule for all Regular -AR verbs. So, provided you know the infinitive of a verb you’ll definitely be able to say who did something and at when they did it (but we’ll be looking at past and future much later).

For now lets look at the steps we need to follow:

1 – Take the infinitive of the verb, for example Hablar – to speak.

2. Take off the ending -AR, which leaves you with the stem Habl-.

3. Now add the following endings depending on who is doing the speaking:

-o               –    I
-as             –    You
-a               –    He/She/It/You (polite)
-amos      –     We
-ais           –     You (plural)
-an            –     They/You (plural & polite)

So we would get:

Hablo                     –     I speak
Hablas                   –     You speak
Habla                     –     He/She/It/You (polite) speaks
Hablamos            –     We speak
Hablais                 –      You (plural) speak
Hablan                  –      They/You (plural & polite) speak

The same steps then apply for any regular -AR verbs such as Bailar – to dance, Cantar – to sing, Estudiar – to study, Caminar – to walk. Have a go at conjugating these yourself.

Regular Verbs Review

Click here to practice with more common regular -AR verbs in a series of games.

Practice the pattern of a regular -AR verb (tocar – to touch) here.

Of course we also have Irregular verbs that do not follow these simple steps and we’ll come to them later. The good news is that you already know 3 of the most important irregular verbs; Ser, Estar and Tener.

El Imperfecto

The past tense in Spanish is little more difficult than in English. Were we use one past tense Spanish uses two, we’ve already seen one in the Preterite (for a quick review click here). Now we’re going to look at the Imperfect which is used to talk about things you ‘used to do’ (I used to live in Cork, we used to have a dog) or to describe things in the past (the sun was shining, the birds were singing).

We’ll come back to the differences between the two past tenses in more detail but for now lets concentrate on how you form the imperfect. Click on the links below for a review of the imperfect and some practice exercises.

Review of the Imperfect with a practice quiz at the top. 

Another review with another quiz.

Flashcards with verb endings for -AR and -ER/-IR verbs plus the irregulars

A challenge game to practice the forms of the imperfect. The higher the points, the harder the question.

A gap fill activity.

6 Curso – El Imperativo

Haz click abajo para practicar con todas las formas del Imperativo.

Bk Nelson – El imperativo

6 Curso – The Spanish Pronouns

Here is are some links to tutorials and exercises on the Object Pronouns in Spanish. Although the rules aren’t the trickiest there are a few things to remember so the best thing to do is practice as much as possible. Loads here to keep you going.

We’ll start with the tutorials:

http://www.studyspanish.com/tutorial.htm – Have a look at Unit 4 on this page which is all about the Objects Pronouns in Spanish, there are quite a few parts to it but it is well explained in a progressive manner. Each part has it’s own free practice quizzes.

http://www.spanishdict.com/grammar – Another good review site with some practice quizzes. Just scroll down to the Pronouns section and browse through the list.

http://www.ver-taal.com/gr_pronombresCD.htm – A concise review of the Direct Object Pronouns. It’s in Spanish but don’t let that put you off as the language is quite staightforward.

http://www.ver-taal.com/gr_pronombresCI.htm – And from the same site a review of the Indirect Object Pronouns.

Excercises:

http://www.colby.edu/~bknelson/SLC/DO_IO.php – A series of exercises on Direct Object Pronouns from BK Nelson.

http://www.colby.edu/~bknelson/SLC/DO_IO.php – And some on the Indirect Object Pronouns.

http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_pronombresCDCI1.htm – From Ver-taal.com an exercise to practice between the DO and IDO pronouns.

http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_lugarpronombres2.htm – This one tests your ability to locate the pronouns in sentences.

http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_lugarpronombres1.htm – And another

There is a lot here but as you saw today in class it can be confusing and the best way to deal with this is practice.

6 Curso – The Impersonal and Passive Voice in Spanish

You can find a good review of this topic in De Acuerdo (Unit 10 p 120 – 123). However there are some other explanations attached below along with some practice exercises.

First up is the Impersonal ‘Se’, used when the subject of verb is unknown. Good for general statements, for example:

Se habla español en perú.
Se debe estudiar mucho.
¿Cómo se dice ´book´ en español? 

Click here to review and practice.

 

We also have the Passive ´Se´ used for when the subject of the verb and the object of the verb are the same. For example:

Se come la tarta  – the cake was eaten.

By who? We don´t know, we don´t need to know. This is a Passive sentence. Click here to review Active v Passive.

Click here to review and practice.

As differentiating between the two can be quite difficult you can practice the Impersonal Se v Passive Se by clicking here.

There is also the case of the Accidental Se. We use this for unplanned events. It basically works the same as Gustar only with a Se added to the start of the sentence.

You can click here to practice but only move onto this when you are comfortable with the Impersonal and Passive Se.

El Imperativo

Hay una buena explicación del imperativo aquí.  – spanishdict.com imperative review.

Puedes practicar un poco más aquí – Ejercicios del imperativo. 

Recuerda! la mejor forma de aprender los tiempos verbales en español es por la practica.