Archive for the ‘Gramática’ Category

5º Curso – Indefinido v Imperfecto

We’ve seen how that Spanish unlike English uses two past tense. The Indefinido for single events in the past that have been considered completed at  a specific time, whereas the Imperfecto is used to describe events in the past in a ‘continuous‘ sense, that is to speak of things that were ‘happening‘ or that we ‘used to’ do.

Think of our Timeline here with the Indefinido representing the X’s, the single events, that occurred on the timeline and the Imperfect as being the continuous line that runs the length of the timeline, with no specific time being referred to.

Click the following links (in order) to review the uses of each and then practice them:

Overview from spanishdict.com with associated practice quizzes. 

An excellent series of exercises from BK Nelson that will get you into the habit of using both tenses.

Un viaje al Ecuador – A series of exercises

And another – San Fermin

And one more.

Work your way through the links above and you’ll be well on your way the understanding and using the most tricky of the past tenses in Spanish.

2 curso – The Future Simple – I will do ……

We use this Future Tense in Spanish to talk about things we ‘will‘ do and not things we are definitely ‘going to’ do.

Again it is not too difficult and there are only a few irregular verbs. Click here for a good summary of how to form the Simple Future or check the rules in your book.

*** The important thing to remember is that with this tense you DO NOT remove the -AR, -ER or -IR from the Infinitive of the verb. You just add the endings to the infinitive. ***

Click the links below for some practice:

StudySpanish.com Future Tense

AprenderEspanol – Muchos ejercicios aqui

2 Curso – The Immediate Future Tense

This is probably the easiest tense to learn and use in Spanish as you only need to know how to conjugate one verb ‘Ir’ and there are no irregulars.

Remember our 3 steps to forming the Immediate Futre:

Step 1: Conjugate the verb ‘Ir’ depending on WHO is doing the action

Voy             –               I am going …..
Vas              –              you are going ……
Va                –             He/she is going …….
Vamos       –            We are going …..
Vais            –            You (pl) are going ……
Van            –             They are going ……

Step 2: Add an ‘a’.

Step 3: Add the infinitive of the verb that is going to be done.

Voy a bailar     –     I am going to dance
Vas a comer      –   You are going to eat

*** Remember to learn the ‘Vocabulario’ on p.33 of Primer Paso 2 that goes with this tense ***

Click here to take a practice quiz.

YOU CAN PRACTICE WITH SOME VOCABULARY TO USE WITH THE FUTURE TENSE HERE

Another phrase that work this way is Pensar + infinitive

Pensar + infinitive – Pienso ir a España el verano que viene = I plan to visit Spain next summer. *** Note there is no need for the ‘a’ here. ***

1º Curso -¿Dónde está …..?

Practicamos aquí con frases tal como: El gato está delante de la jaula.

  1. ¿Dónde está el perro? – Rellena los espacios

  2. El Crucigrama

Buena Suerte!

Saber v Conocer

In Spanish we’ve seen how there are to ways to say ‘to be’ – Ser and Estar.

In the same way there are two ways to say ‘to know’ – Conocer and Saber, as we saw in class though both mean ‘to know’ in different ways.

We use Saber to talk about how we ‘know’ knowledge or skills for example to know how to swim (Saber nadar) or to know how to speak Spanish (Saber hablar el español).  You could also know facts, for example (Saber la historia de Irlanda).

Conocer is used to talk about how we know someone, as in to know Mark (Conocer a Mark). Yet it is also used to talk about how you know a country, city or town (conocer Irlanda, conocer Dublín, conocer Stillorgan) ….. BUT BE CAREFUL…. it does not mean that you know about the history of the town or facts about the town but more about where things are in the town and what you can do to spend time there. Click on the link below for a review of Saber v Conocer.

CLICK HERE TO REVIEW SABER V CONOCER (AND THERE’S A BIT ON PEDIR V PREGUNTA BUT YOU CAN IGNORE THAT FOR NOW IF YOU LIKE)

YOU CAN ALSO PRACTICE HERE. IT MIGHT BE A BIT MORE DIFFICULT BUT HAVE A GO.

L.C. – Usos del Subjuntivo

The following links provide numerous exercises with which to practice the various uses of the present subjunctive and its conjugations, make sure you get plenty in over the break.

Have your book ‘De Acuerdo’ handy if you need to review any conjugations or if you need to clarify any rules whilst doing the exercises.

BK Nelson

Trinity.edu – scroll down towards the end of the page in order to find Subjunctive v Indicative Exercises.

Impersonal Phrases and the Subjunctive

Ojalá and the Subjunctive (Listening)

Incomplete Actions

Uncertainty/Doubt

Loads of links to practice all aspects of the Subjunctive

 

L.C. Verbos Irregulares del subjuntivo

En las últimas clases hemos visto como se forma los verbos regulares en el subjuntivo. Ahora podemos practicar con los irregulares. De nuevo la página web BK Nelson es nuestra amiga ya que hay un montón de ejercicios con que podemos practicar. Abajo podéis encontrar unos enlaces:

Repasos del Subjuntivo:

Como se forma los verbos regulares e irregulares.

Verbos regulares y los con cambio de raiz

Verbos con cambios ortograficos 

Verbos irregulares

Para Practicar:

Ejercicios de BK Nelson

Practica con los verbos

Más ejercicios