1 Curso – Ser v Estar

In class we learned that Ser and Estar both mean ‘To Be’ but we use them for different things.

Remember the phrase ‘For how you feel and Where you are always use the verb Estar’.

That means we can use Ser for almost everything else; origin, nationality, character, professions, physical descriptions (including colours) and saying what things are or who they belong to.

Use the links below to read more about the differences and make sure to do the practice quizzes in the column on the left:

Ser v Estar 1

Ser v Estar 2

Ser v Estar 3

Ser v Estar 4

Here is another good explanation of the differences between Ser and Estar. When you’re finished reading click the green ‘QUIZ’ button to test yourself. Click here.

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The Present Perfect

This is another Spanish past tense that basically it’s the equivalent of the tense ‘I have done something’ in English and is made up of two verbs as in English, those being the verb to have and then the ‘past participle of another verb i.e. to eat = eaten, to dance = danced, to speak = spoken.

In Spanish though we use the verb Haber + past participle and so it works like this. NOTE that we do not use Tener in Spanish for this tense:

Haber = to have (done something)

he                                                                                      hablado (from hablar)
has
ha                                  +          Past Participle         comido (from comer)
hemos
habéis                                                                             vivido (from vivir)
han

As you can see to form the past participle you simply remove the -AR from the verb and add -ado, or removed -ER/-IR and add -ido.

There are also a number of irregulars you need to be aware of:

abrir (to open) – abierto (open)

cubrir (to cover) – cubierto (covered)

decir (to say) – dicho (said)

escribir (to write) – escrito (written)

freír (to fry) – frito (fried)

hacer (to do) – hecho (done)

morir (to die) – muerto (dead)

poner (to put) – puesto (put)

resolver (to resolve) – resuelto (resolved)

romper (to break) – roto (broken)

ver (to see) – visto (seen)

volver (to return) – vuelto (returned)

Below are a series of links which summarise the tense well and allow you to practice with it:

Spanishdict.com gives a decent summary here but it doesn’t specifically mention the irregulars

There is a good summary from studyspanish.com here of the past participles.

And more from studyspanish.com here on the present perfect tense itself. Be sure to do the practice quizzes available on the left hand side.  

Here’s a good practice exercise on BK Nelson.

6 Curso – Sample Opinion Pieces

Click here to access the Opinion Pieces on Google Drive.

2 Curso – El Cuerpo Humano

Para practicar con el vocabulario del Cuerpo Humano click aqui:

ProfeDeEle – El Cuerpo Humano

 

Y hay más vocabulario aquí – StudySpanish.com

Las Nacionalidades

Actividad de la Clase

Haz clic aquí para repasar y practicar con la actividad de clase en ProfedeEle.es

 

Click the following link to revise and practice the nationalities. Don’t forget to try out the games along the top of the screen to help you revise.

Nationalities Flashcards

Here are a few games to practice further with:

Battleships

South American Nationalities

Nationalities with Ser

6 Curso – El Imperativo

Haz click abajo para practicar con todas las formas del Imperativo.

Bk Nelson – El imperativo

6 Curso – The Spanish Pronouns

Here is are some links to tutorials and exercises on the Object Pronouns in Spanish. Although the rules aren’t the trickiest there are a few things to remember so the best thing to do is practice as much as possible. Loads here to keep you going.

We’ll start with the tutorials:

http://www.studyspanish.com/tutorial.htm – Have a look at Unit 4 on this page which is all about the Objects Pronouns in Spanish, there are quite a few parts to it but it is well explained in a progressive manner. Each part has it’s own free practice quizzes.

http://www.spanishdict.com/grammar – Another good review site with some practice quizzes. Just scroll down to the Pronouns section and browse through the list.

http://www.ver-taal.com/gr_pronombresCD.htm – A concise review of the Direct Object Pronouns. It’s in Spanish but don’t let that put you off as the language is quite staightforward.

http://www.ver-taal.com/gr_pronombresCI.htm – And from the same site a review of the Indirect Object Pronouns.

Excercises:

http://www.colby.edu/~bknelson/SLC/DO_IO.php – A series of exercises on Direct Object Pronouns from BK Nelson.

http://www.colby.edu/~bknelson/SLC/DO_IO.php – And some on the Indirect Object Pronouns.

http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_pronombresCDCI1.htm – From Ver-taal.com an exercise to practice between the DO and IDO pronouns.

http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_lugarpronombres2.htm – This one tests your ability to locate the pronouns in sentences.

http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_lugarpronombres1.htm – And another

There is a lot here but as you saw today in class it can be confusing and the best way to deal with this is practice.