Archive for 26 febrero 2013

Present Tense Revision

Click on the following links in order to practice the present tense verbs:

Regular -AR Verbs

Regular -ER/-IR Verbs

Stem Changing Verbs 1 and Stem changing Verbs 2

1st Person Irregular Verbs can be practiced here.

Reflexive Verbs can be practiced here.

A verb conjugation practice chart

All the above are self correcting so you can attempt them, check your results and then try again.

5th Year mid-term assignment

Sorry for the delay in getting this posted but this is for all those 5th year students who were on work experience last week or who were out towards the end of the week.

Following on from the work we’ve done over the last couple of weeks with the pretéterito indefinido and the pretéterito imperfecto I’d like you to write a short piece employing both tenses on the following topic:

El día que conocí mi mejor amigo/novia…..

Include the following:
1. The details of your meeting – where it took place, what happened etc.
2. Describe the day, their appearance etc..
3. What did you do? Where did you go?
4. What happened then…

 

I’ll be expecting at least 3/4 of an A4 page and you will need to use both tenses in the correct context. Remember to keep an eye out for irregular verbs especially in the pretérito indefinido, the following page will be of help with this – BK Nelson Irregulars in the Indefinido.

The following worksheet which we’d been using in class may help to give you some ideas – Templeton: Los Días

Infinitives of verbs

Over the next few weeks we will start to see more grammar, starting of course with the regular -AR verbs. A regular verb is a verb that follows a set of rules and with these rules we can start to make the infinitive of a verb useful.

 

Can you remember what we said yesterday about infinitives? They tell us what a verb does without telling us who did it or when they did it. For example:

to eat – who eats? when do they eat?

 

Compare that to a conjugated verb which tells us who does it and when they do it;

I eat        –               I ate              –               I will eat

You eat   –             You are       –               You will eat

The above examples are conjugated because we know who is eating and when they are eating.

 

In Spanish as we now know the infinitives end in -AR, -ER and -IR, for example:

Hablar              Comer              Vivir

 

We will soon be learning how to conjugate these infinitives so we can say who is doing something and when (this part will come later).

Indefinido v Imperfecto

We’ve seen how that Spanish unlike English uses two past tense. The Indefinido for single events in the past that have been considered completed at  a specific time, whereas the Imperfecto is used to describe events in the past in a ‘continuous‘ sense, that is to speak of things that were ‘happening‘ or that we ‘used to’ do.

Think of our Timeline here with the Indefinido representing the X’s, the single events, that occurred on the timeline and the Imperfect as being the continuous line that runs the length of the timeline, with no specific time being referred to.

Click the following links (in order) to review the uses of each and then practice them:

Overview from spanishdict.com with associated practice quizzes. 

An excellent series of exercises from BK Nelson that will get you into the habit of using both tenses.

Un viaje al Ecuador – A series of exercises

And another – San Fermin

And one more.

Work your way through the links above and you’ll be well on your way the understanding and using the most tricky of the past tenses in Spanish.

Expressions with Tener – Essential for the Junior Cert

Click here to learn and practice the key expressions with Tener. These idioms are essential for the written section of the Junior cert, specifically for the sentences and letter where they become very handy. They also regularly make appearances in the dialogues of the Reading Comprehensions so make sure you’re familiar with them and know how to use them. You can find more practice exercises here:

Tener expressions on studyspanish.com

Some flashcards from Quizlet.com that contain the most common expressions with Tener and a few more.

Leaving Certificate Revision Documents

Click here to access an online folder that has copies of revision documents including some key phrases that will be required for the Letter, Diary Entry and/or Note.

To become in Spanish – not at all straightforward

Following on from the brief discussion in class the other day here’s a link that sums up the various ways ‘to become’ in Spanish. We’ll come back to it again in more detail later but for those that are interested this covers it well:

spanish.about.com – Spanish verbs of Becoming