Archive for the ‘1 Curso’ Category

1 Curso: Regular -AR verbs in Spanish

We’ll start with the regular -AR verbs. The good news is that there are more -AR verbs than -ER and -IR verbs and once you know the rule for one regular -AR verb you’ll know the rule for all Regular -AR verbs. So, provided you know the infinitive of a verb you’ll definitely be able to say who did something and at when they did it (but we’ll be looking at past and future much later).

For now lets look at the steps we need to follow:

1 – Take the infinitive of the verb, for example Hablar – to speak.

2. Take off the ending -AR, which leaves you with the stem Habl-.

3. Now add the following endings depending on who is doing the speaking:

-o               –    I
-as             –    You
-a               –    He/She/It/You (polite)
-amos      –     We
-ais           –     You (plural)
-an            –     They/You (plural & polite)

So we would get:

Hablo                     –     I speak
Hablas                   –     You speak
Habla                     –     He/She/It/You (polite) speaks
Hablamos            –     We speak
Hablais                 –      You (plural) speak
Hablan                  –      They/You (plural & polite) speak

The same steps then apply for any regular -AR verbs such as Bailar – to dance, Cantar – to sing, Estudiar – to study, Caminar – to walk. Have a go at conjugating these yourself.

Regular Verbs Review

Click here to practice with more common regular -AR verbs in a series of games.

Practice the pattern of a regular -AR verb (tocar – to touch) here.

Of course we also have Irregular verbs that do not follow these simple steps and we’ll come to them later. The good news is that you already know 3 of the most important irregular verbs; Ser, Estar and Tener.


1 Curso – Los Días y Los Meses

Over the last few days we’ve started to take a look at the days of the week and months of the year in Spanish. Below are a few sites for you to take a look at that will help you learn them and how to use them:

A very good summary of the days of the week here, there are some practice quizzes on the menu to the left. 

And the months and seasons can be found here, again with some practice quizzes.

A fantastic site from the BBC that allows you to learn the vocabulary and then you can play some games to practice. Unfortunately the videos will not work in Ireland.

A good youtube video can be viewed here that reviews the days and months in Spanish.

A series of games from to practice with.

Pasálo bien!

1 Curso – Ser v Estar

In class we learned that Ser and Estar both mean ‘To Be’ but we use them for different things.

Remember the phrase ‘For how you feel and Where you are always use the verb Estar’.

That means we can use Ser for almost everything else; origin, nationality, character, professions, physical descriptions (including colours) and saying what things are or who they belong to.

Use the links below to read more about the differences and make sure to do the practice quizzes in the column on the left:

Ser v Estar 1

Ser v Estar 2

Ser v Estar 3

Ser v Estar 4

Here is another good explanation of the differences between Ser and Estar. When you’re finished reading click the green ‘QUIZ’ button to test yourself. Click here.


Las Nacionalidades

Actividad de la Clase

Haz clic aquí para repasar y practicar con la actividad de clase en


Click the following link to revise and practice the nationalities. Don’t forget to try out the games along the top of the screen to help you revise.

Nationalities Flashcards

Here are a few games to practice further with:


South American Nationalities

Nationalities with Ser


The numbers from 1 – 100

Here are a few links you can click on to practice the numbers:

A good summary of the numbers here with a video to help you.

Practice the numbers using the flashcards then play the games

A good page from the BBC. Click on the games in the top right of the screen to practice with games. 

And some more games here – Numbers 1 – 12, Numbers 13 – 20 and Numbers 10 -100


¿Cómo estás? – El verbo Estar

In this post we will review:
  1. what the personal pronouns are.
  2. how to describe our mood in more detail using the verb Estar.
All this allows us to describe how we are feeling in more detail. Lets work through them in order.

1. Personal Pronouns.

The personal pronouns tell us who is ‘doing’ an action. In Spanish they are:
Yo                    –    I
Tú                    –    You
Él/Ella              –    He/She (or it)
Nosotros/as     –    We
Vosotros/as     –    You (plural)
Ellos/Ellas        –    They 
Can you remember why we have both Nosotros/Nosotras and Vosotros/Vosotras?
Click here for a practice quiz to revise the personal pronouns.
Remember though in Spanish that we don’t always use the Personal Pronouns, why? If you read on it might help you remember.

2. The Verb Estar

Estar is an irregular verb. Can you remember what makes a verb irregular? Click here for the answer 
The verb Estar means ‘to be’ and we use it to talk about how we are feeling or where we are. 
Yo Estoy                    –    I am
Tú Estás                    –    You are
Él/Ella Está                –    He/She is
Nosotros Estamos     –    We are
Vosotros Estáis         –      You (pl) are
Ellos/Ellas Están        –    They are
Now can you remember why we don’t always need the Personal Pronouns?
Click here to review the Personal Pronouns and the verb Estar with some Quizlet flashcards. Make sure you try all the activities.

1º Curso – Definite and Indefinite Articles

Remember that in Spanish there are 4 different ways to say ‘the’ and ‘a’  where in English we only have 1. This is due to masculine/feminine and singular/plural.


Indefinite Article = ‘a’

a boy= un chico                         some boys  = unos chicos

a girl = una chica                       some girls = unas chicas


Definite Article = ‘the’

the boy = el chico                   the boys = los chicos

the girl = la chica                    the girls = las chicas

Links to practice with:

A nice short review and practice here.

A good review of the definite and indefinites with some practice quizzes.