Archive for the ‘3 Curso’ Category

Junior Cert 2017 Revision

The following links will help you to revise for the Listening and Reading Comprehensions, The Grammar (verbs and tenses, prepositions etc.)

 

Listening Revision

1. Be Sure to listen at least once every day or two, even if it’s only for 5 minutes. Keep your ear tuned into Spanish.

2. Make use of ‘Vamos a Escuchar’, there are loads of exercises in there that we haven’t done yet.

3. Try the following link for some extra practice, you have the text to help you and can turn it off if you just want to practice listening. Focus on Beginners, Intermediate A and Intermediate B:

http://www.laits.utexas.edu/spe/

Here’s another :

http://www.spanishlistening.org/content/index-001.html

 

 Reading Comprehension

Use the following to practice for the Reading Comprehensions. Remember to read at least one article a day. Also be sure to practice exercises from Practicamos.

http://www.practicaespanol.com/es/nivel_a/tag-ent/2/

 

Grammar Revision

For grammar you want to focus on the Present tense (regulars, irregulars, stem-changers, reflexives), the Past Tenses (Preterito Indefinido and the Imperfect) and the Future Tenses (Ir a + inf and the Simple Future).

Also DO NOT IGNORE the Tener Expressions.

http://www.spanishdict.com/grammar – Great for reviews and it has loads of practice quizzes under each topic.

http://www.studyspanish.com/tutorial.htm – Again very good for reviews and also has a few free practice quizzes.

http://www.trinity.edu/mstroud/grammar/ – Less reviews and more exercises here, browse the Verb Forms section in particular.

‘Expressions with Tener’

Click this link, review and do some practice exercises :

http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/tenexp.htm

Some revision notes can be found here.

If you are looking for more specific exercises related to a particular topic then look back over the posts under ‘3 curso’, there have been plenty added over the year.

 

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The Present Perfect

This is another Spanish past tense to go along with the Pretérito Indefinido (Preterite or simple past) and the Preterito Imperfecto (Imperfect past or things you ‘used to do’).

Whereas the Preterite and Imperfect are used for events in the past that are considered completed the Present Perfect is used more to describe things that started in the past but continue into the Present.

Basically it’s the equivalent of the tense ‘I have done something’ in English and is made up of two verbs as in English, those being the verb to have and then the ‘past participle of another verb i.e. to eat = eaten, to dance = danced, to speak = spoken.

In Spanish though we use the verb Haber + past participle and so it works like this. NOTE that we do not use Tener in Spanish for this tense:

Haber = to have (done something)

he                                                                                      hablado (from hablar)
has
ha                                  +          Past Participle         comido (from comer)
hemos
habéis                                                                             vivido (from vivir)
han

As you can see to form the past participle you simply remove the -AR from the verb and add -ado, or removed -ER/-IR and add -ido.

There are also a number of irregulars you need to be aware of:

abrir (to open) – abierto (open)

cubrir (to cover) – cubierto (covered)

decir (to say) – dicho (said)

escribir (to write) – escrito (written)

freír (to fry) – frito (fried)

hacer (to do) – hecho (done)

morir (to die) – muerto (dead)

poner (to put) – puesto (put)

resolver (to resolve) – resuelto (resolved)

romper (to break) – roto (broken)

ver (to see) – visto (seen)

volver (to return) – vuelto (returned)

Below are a series of links which summarise the tense well and allow you to practice with it:

Spanishdict.com gives a decent summary here but it doesn’t specifically mention the irregulars

There is a good summary from studyspanish.com here of the past participles.

And more from studyspanish.com here on the present perfect tense itself. Be sure to do the practice quizzes available on the left hand side.  

Here’s a good practice exercise on BK Nelson.

3rd Year – The Imperfect Tense and when to use it.

The Imperfect tense is easy to conjugate (and has only 3 irregular verbs: Ser, Ir and Ver)

It is the easiest, most regular tense in Spanish. Notice that -er (comer) and -ir (vivir) verbs have the same endings (all with accents):

comenzaba comía vivía
comenzabas comías vivías
comenzaba comía vivía
comenzábamos comíamos vivíamos
comenzabais comíais vivíais
comenzaban comían vivían

Irregular verbs in the imperfect

There are only three verbs with irregular forms in the imperfect: irser, and ver. Even so, they are not very difficult:

iba era veía
ibas eras veías
iba era veía
íbamos éramos veíamos
ibais erais veíais
iban eran veían

However it’s a bit more difficult deciding when to use it. For now we will focus on using it to talk about:

1 – Things we used to do

2 – Things we were doing (when something else happened)

3 – Descriptions in the past

4 – Age and Time

Click here for a more detailed explanation.

Click the links below to practice the Imperfect v the Preterite:

Superhombre

Superhombre en Chile

Fill in the gap

El Imperfecto

The past tense in Spanish is little more difficult than in English. Were we use one past tense Spanish uses two, we’ve already seen one in the Preterite (for a quick review click here). Now we’re going to look at the Imperfect which is used to talk about things you ‘used to do’ (I used to live in Cork, we used to have a dog) or to describe things in the past (the sun was shining, the birds were singing).

We’ll come back to the differences between the two past tenses in more detail but for now lets concentrate on how you form the imperfect. Click on the links below for a review of the imperfect and some practice exercises.

Review of the Imperfect with a practice quiz at the top. 

Another review with another quiz.

Brief summary of the verb endings and irregulars.

Flashcards with verb endings for -AR and -ER/-IR verbs plus the irregulars

A practice exercise where you fill in the box with the correct form of the verb.

A challenge game to practice the forms of the imperfect. The higher the points, the harder the question.

A gap fill activity.

El Cuerpo Humano

Here is a great collection of flashcards on Quizlet to practice the vocabulary for the human body. Be sure to learn the words from the flashcards before you attempt the Study tasks and Games. And don’t forget to turn on the audio so you can hear as well as read the words.

You can play Vocab Battleship here with more words based on the topic.

And by clicking here you can access even more games.

Try to use these as often as possible. It’s more enjoyable and an easier way to learn new vocabulary than just reading words off a list.

El Cuerpo Hermano II

Here’s a few more links to help you with the vocab for the human body:

A very good video presentation on youtube that lets you hear the words as well as read them.

Test yourself with this multiple choice test.

And another quiz here in the form of word jumbles.

Practice the vocabulary for describing illness from p.130 of Primer Paso 2.

Practice the vocabulary for the doctors/dentists office from p.133 of Primer Paso 2 here.

A great series of activities here to practice vocabulary and phrases.

So remember if reading lists of words out of the book isn’t your thing, or you’re not a fan of writing things out three times after our class tests then these are alternative and more enjoyable ways to learn the vocabulary.

Also, don’t be afraid to search on youtube and other sites like quizlet.com or quia.com for topics you feel you need to review yourself. Just enter a search item and watch as a list of resources piles up on the screen BUT be sure to enter the search item in Spanish e.g. el cuerpo humano, el futuro etc.

As we review all of our content over the coming months and prior to the Junior Cert I’ll be adding more activities for each topic. Make the most of it.

3 Curso – Invitaciones

Click the links below to practice the vocabulary for ´Invitaciones´

Quizlet Flashcards – Some useful Tener expressions in here as well.

A different set can be found here.