Archive for the ‘2 Curso’ Category

Irregular Verbs in the Preterite (Past Tense)

Following on from this afternoon’s class I would like you to group the irregular verbs by their different types in your hardbacks, as I did on the board and learn them.

To help you click on the link below. It’s a great help and breaks the verbs up nicely. You’ll notice that there are a few extra verbs at the bottom but you can ignore these for now if you like.

Remember to focus on the verbs that I ticked, they’re the most important and you will need them.

QUIZLET GAMES TO PRACTICE VERBS

BK NELSON – THE PRETERITE TENSE GUIDE

You can start practicing the irregular verbs on the same site by clicking this link:

PRACTICE THE IRREGULAR VERBS

Remember practicing regularly is very important with this tense, so keep at it.

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El Pretérito – The Past Tense in Spanish (Regular Verbs)

The Past Tense in Spanish can be challenging so it’s important to break it up into manageable pieces and study it and practice it well and often.

As we progress through the different verbs I will add new links for you to practice with but for now we will start with the Regular Verbs and some key vocabulary.

Regular Verbs

Below you will find a few exercises to help you revise the Regular verbs in the Pretérito Indefinido (the past tense).

Review of the Preterito Indefinido Regular Verbs with some practice quizzes in the column on the left.

Here is a multiple choice exercise.

Key Vocabulary

And here is some VERY VERY IMPORTANT vocabulary. These words are ‘trigger‘ words for the Preterite Tense. That means that whenever we see them or use them we know we also need to use the Preterite.

Trigger Words for the Preterite Tense

Demonstrative Adjectives

Below are a few links to help you understand and practice the Demonstrative adjectives (this/these, that/those, that/those over there)

A review of the demonstratives

Bk Nelson – Los Demonstrativos

Review the rules then practice by clicking on the blue ‘Quiz’ button

2nd Year – DOP’s (Direct Object Pronouns)

Here are a few links for you to practice the DOP’s with. Although they might seem a little tricky in class, the more practice you do the easier they get. Before long you won’t even have to think about them.

StudySpanish.com – Try each of the following links in order. They might look the same at first but continue reading to the bottom of each to note the differences:

1. DOP’s

2. Negative Sentences with DOP’s

3. Infinitive Verbs with DOP’s 

Each of the links above have free Practice Quizzes that go with them so be sure to have a go.

Some more exercises:

1. Replace the underlined noun with a pronoun

2. Fill in the correct pronoun and conjugate the verb

3. Practice the pronouns with Infinitives

2nd Year: The Immediate Future Tense

This is probably the easiest tense to learn and use in Spanish as you only need to know how to conjugate one verb ‘Ir’ and there are no irregulars.

Remember our 3 steps to forming the Immediate Futre:

Step 1: Conjugate the verb ‘Ir’ depending on WHO is doing the action

Voy             –               I am going …..
Vas              –              you are going ……
Va                –             He/she is going …….
Vamos       –            We are going …..
Vais            –            You (pl) are going ……
Van            –             They are going ……

Step 2: Add an ‘a’.

Step 3: Add the infinitive of the verb that is going to be done.

Voy a bailar     –     I am going to dance
Vas a comer      –   You are going to eat

*** Remember to learn the Trigger Words that go with this tense ***

Click here to take a practice quiz.

 

 

The Present Perfect

This is another Spanish past tense that basically it’s the equivalent of the tense ‘I have done something’ in English and is made up of two verbs as in English, those being the verb to have and then the ‘past participle of another verb i.e. to eat = eaten, to dance = danced, to speak = spoken.

In Spanish though we use the verb Haber + past participle and so it works like this. NOTE that we do not use Tener in Spanish for this tense:

Haber = to have (done something)

he                                                                                      hablado (from hablar)
has
ha                                  +          Past Participle         comido (from comer)
hemos
habéis                                                                             vivido (from vivir)
han

As you can see to form the past participle you simply remove the -AR from the verb and add -ado, or removed -ER/-IR and add -ido.

There are also a number of irregulars you need to be aware of:

abrir (to open) – abierto (open)

cubrir (to cover) – cubierto (covered)

decir (to say) – dicho (said)

escribir (to write) – escrito (written)

freír (to fry) – frito (fried)

hacer (to do) – hecho (done)

morir (to die) – muerto (dead)

poner (to put) – puesto (put)

resolver (to resolve) – resuelto (resolved)

romper (to break) – roto (broken)

ver (to see) – visto (seen)

volver (to return) – vuelto (returned)

Below are a series of links which summarise the tense well and allow you to practice with it:

Spanishdict.com gives a decent summary here but it doesn’t specifically mention the irregulars

There is a good summary from studyspanish.com here of the past participles.

And more from studyspanish.com here on the present perfect tense itself. Be sure to do the practice quizzes available on the left hand side.  

Here’s a good practice exercise on BK Nelson.

2 Curso – El Cuerpo Humano

Para practicar con el vocabulario del Cuerpo Humano click aqui:

ProfeDeEle – El Cuerpo Humano

 

Y hay más vocabulario aquí – StudySpanish.com