Ok, as promised here is are some links to tutorials and exercises on the Object Pronouns in Spanish.
We’ll start with the tutorials:
http://www.studyspanish.com/tutorial.htm – Have a look at Unit 4 on this page which is all about the Objects Pronouns in Spanish, there are quite a few parts to it but it is well explained in a progressive manner. Each part has it’s own free practice quizzes.
http://www.spanishdict.com/grammar – Another good review site with some practice quizzes. Just scroll down to the Pronouns section and browse through the list.
http://www.ver-taal.com/gr_pronombresCD.htm – A concise review of the Direct Object Pronouns. It’s in Spanish but don’t let that put you off as the language is quite staightforward.
http://www.ver-taal.com/gr_pronombresCI.htm – And from the same site a review of the Indirect Object Pronouns.
http://www.colby.edu/~bknelson/SLC/DO_IO.php – A series of exercises on Direct Object Pronouns from BK Nelson.
http://www.colby.edu/~bknelson/SLC/DO_IO.php – And some on the Indirect Object Pronouns.
http://www.trinity.edu/mstroud/grammar/pron.htm – choose between the DO or IDO pronouns of lo and le in this exercise.
http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_pronombresCDCI1.htm – From Ver-taal.com an exercise to practice between the DO and IDO pronouns.
http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_lugarpronombres2.htm – This one tests your ability to locate the pronouns in sentences.
http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_lugarpronombres1.htm – And another
There is a lot here but as you saw today in class it can be confusing and the best way to deal with this is practice.
The Past Participles in Spanish can be used in a variety of ways.
First we saw them used in the Present Perfect Tense with the verb Haber
Has -ar = -ado (hablar = hablado)
Ha + Past Particple -er = -ido (comer = comido)
Hemos -ir = -ido (vivir = vivido)
There are of course a list of irregulars as well we you can find in De Acuerdo P.67. You can revise the Present Perfect by clicking here.
However we can also use the Past Participles with Ser to construct the Passive Voice. This is normally seen in journalistic articles so it’s important to be able to recognise it even if you don’t use it. Click here for a quick rundown on this, make sure you practice using the quizzes on the left hand side of the page.
You can find a good review of this topic in De Acuerdo (Unit 10 p 120 – 123). However there are some other explanations attached below along with some practice exercises.
First up is the Impersonal ‘Se’, used when the subject of verb is unknown. Good for general statements, for example:
Se habla español en perú.
Se debe estudiar mucho.
¿Cómo se dice ´book´ en español?
Click here to review and practice.
We also have the Passive ´Se´ used for when the subject of the verb and the object of the verb are the same. For example:
Se come la tarta – the cake was eaten.
By who? We don´t know, we don´t need to know. This is a Passive sentence. Click here to review Active v Passive.
Click here to review and practice.
As differentiating between the two can be quite difficult you can practice the Impersonal Se v Passive Se by clicking here.
There is also the case of the Accidental Se. We use this for unplanned events. It basically works the same as Gustar only with a Se added to the start of the sentence.
You can click here to practice but only move onto this when you are comfortable with the Impersonal and Passive Se.
Below you will find a good review of the Gustar Type Verbs from studyspanish.com. There are also a few practice quizzes on the menu on the left:
Study Spanish – Gustar
Gustar Verbs practice
Languages Online – Gustar Game
Gusta o Gustan
And here are some links to a few games on the pastimes:
Quia Game – Gustar
Click here to practice with the vocabulary of La Casa, there are a few verbs included as well towards the end of the series.
A great series of activities here to practice with the vocabulary of the house items.
Here are some similar activities to revise the electrodomésticos.
And more here to review the vocabulary of household chores.