We use this Future Tense in Spanish to talk about things we ‘will‘ do and not things we are definitely ‘going to’ do.
Again it is not too difficult and there are only a few irregular verbs. Click here for a good summary of how to form the Simple Future or check the rules in your book.
*** The important thing to remember is that with this tense you DO NOT remove the -AR, -ER or -IR from the Infinitive of the verb. You just add the endings to the infinitive. ***
Click the links below for some practice:
StudySpanish.com Future Tense
AprenderEspanol – Muchos ejercicios aqui
This is probably the easiest tense to learn and use in Spanish as you only need to know how to conjugate one verb ‘Ir’ and there are no irregulars.
Remember our 3 steps to forming the Immediate Futre:
Step 1: Conjugate the verb ‘Ir’ depending on WHO is doing the action
Voy – I am going …..
Vas – you are going ……
Va – He/she is going …….
Vamos – We are going …..
Vais – You (pl) are going ……
Van – They are going ……
Step 2: Add an ‘a’.
Step 3: Add the infinitive of the verb that is going to be done.
Voy a bailar – I am going to dance
Vas a comer – You are going to eat
*** Remember to learn the ‘Vocabulario’ on p.33 of Primer Paso 2 that goes with this tense ***
Click here to take a practice quiz.
YOU CAN PRACTICE WITH SOME VOCABULARY TO USE WITH THE FUTURE TENSE HERE
Another phrase that work this way is Pensar + infinitive
Pensar + infinitive – Pienso ir a España el verano que viene = I plan to visit Spain next summer. *** Note there is no need for the ‘a’ here. ***
In Spanish we’ve seen how there are to ways to say ‘to be’ – Ser and Estar.
In the same way there are two ways to say ‘to know’ – Conocer and Saber, as we saw in class though both mean ‘to know’ in different ways.
We use Saber to talk about how we ‘know’ knowledge or skills for example to know how to swim (Saber nadar) or to know how to speak Spanish (Saber hablar el español). You could also know facts, for example (Saber la historia de Irlanda).
Conocer is used to talk about how we know someone, as in to know Mark (Conocer a Mark). Yet it is also used to talk about how you know a country, city or town (conocer Irlanda, conocer Dublín, conocer Stillorgan) ….. BUT BE CAREFUL…. it does not mean that you know about the history of the town or facts about the town but more about where things are in the town and what you can do to spend time there. Click on the link below for a review of Saber v Conocer.
CLICK HERE TO REVIEW SABER V CONOCER (AND THERE’S A BIT ON PEDIR V PREGUNTA BUT YOU CAN IGNORE THAT FOR NOW IF YOU LIKE)
YOU CAN ALSO PRACTICE HERE. IT MIGHT BE A BIT MORE DIFFICULT BUT HAVE A GO.
Click here for a link to all exercises and reviews of the indefinido. This is probably the best site for practicing the irregular forms.
Another good review here. And you can practice with some more exercises by clicking here, just scroll down the page until you find the preterit forms exercises
A couple of nice videos that review The Most Irregular Verbs in the Preterite:
Remember if you want to get the verb forms perfected then repeated practice and drilling is the way to go. Here are plenty more for you to practice with:
Trinity.edu – This is just a link to the main page so you will have to scroll down or ctrl+f and search for ‘Preterite‘. There are loads of drills for you to work with.
Ver-Taal – Again this link will only bring you to a main page but you can scroll or search for the preterite excercises. There are a few to work with.
The past tense in Spanish is little more difficult than in English. Were we use one past tense Spanish uses two, we’ve already seen one in the Preterite (for a quick review click here). Now we’re going to look at the Imperfect which is used to talk about things you ‘used to do’ (I used to live in Cork, we used to have a dog) or to describe things in the past (the sun was shining, the birds were singing).
We’ll come back to the differences between the two past tenses in more detail but for now lets concentrate on how you form the imperfect. Click on the links below for a review of the imperfect and some practice exercises.
Review of the Imperfect with a practice quiz at the top.
Another review with another quiz.
Brief summary of the verb endings and irregulars.
Flashcards with verb endings for -AR and -ER/-IR verbs plus the irregulars
A practice exercise where you fill in the box with the correct form of the verb.
A challenge game to practice the forms of the imperfect. The higher the points, the harder the question.
A gap fill activity.
Ok, as promised here is are some links to tutorials and exercises on the Object Pronouns in Spanish.
We’ll start with the tutorials:
http://www.studyspanish.com/tutorial.htm – Have a look at Unit 4 on this page which is all about the Objects Pronouns in Spanish, there are quite a few parts to it but it is well explained in a progressive manner. Each part has it’s own free practice quizzes.
http://www.spanishdict.com/grammar – Another good review site with some practice quizzes. Just scroll down to the Pronouns section and browse through the list.
http://www.ver-taal.com/gr_pronombresCD.htm – A concise review of the Direct Object Pronouns. It’s in Spanish but don’t let that put you off as the language is quite staightforward.
http://www.ver-taal.com/gr_pronombresCI.htm – And from the same site a review of the Indirect Object Pronouns.
http://www.colby.edu/~bknelson/SLC/DO_IO.php – A series of exercises on Direct Object Pronouns from BK Nelson.
http://www.colby.edu/~bknelson/SLC/DO_IO.php – And some on the Indirect Object Pronouns.
http://www.trinity.edu/mstroud/grammar/pron.htm – choose between the DO or IDO pronouns of lo and le in this exercise.
http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_pronombresCDCI1.htm – From Ver-taal.com an exercise to practice between the DO and IDO pronouns.
http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_lugarpronombres2.htm – This one tests your ability to locate the pronouns in sentences.
http://www.ver-taal.com/ej_lugarpronombres1.htm – And another
There is a lot here but as you saw today in class it can be confusing and the best way to deal with this is practice.