Posts Tagged ‘Grammar’

2 curso – The Future Simple – I will do ……

We use this Future Tense in Spanish to talk about things we ‘will‘ do and not things we are definitely ‘going to’ do.

Again it is not too difficult and there are only a few irregular verbs. Click here for a good summary of how to form the Simple Future or check the rules in your book.

*** The important thing to remember is that with this tense you DO NOT remove the -AR, -ER or -IR from the Infinitive of the verb. You just add the endings to the infinitive. ***

Click the links below for some practice: Future Tense

AprenderEspanol – Muchos ejercicios aqui

2 Curso – The Immediate Future Tense

This is probably the easiest tense to learn and use in Spanish as you only need to know how to conjugate one verb ‘Ir’ and there are no irregulars.

Remember our 3 steps to forming the Immediate Futre:

Step 1: Conjugate the verb ‘Ir’ depending on WHO is doing the action

Voy             –               I am going …..
Vas              –              you are going ……
Va                –             He/she is going …….
Vamos       –            We are going …..
Vais            –            You (pl) are going ……
Van            –             They are going ……

Step 2: Add an ‘a’.

Step 3: Add the infinitive of the verb that is going to be done.

Voy a bailar     –     I am going to dance
Vas a comer      –   You are going to eat

*** Remember to learn the ‘Vocabulario’ on p.33 of Primer Paso 2 that goes with this tense ***

Click here to take a practice quiz.


Another phrase that work this way is Pensar + infinitive

Pensar + infinitive – Pienso ir a España el verano que viene = I plan to visit Spain next summer. *** Note there is no need for the ‘a’ here. ***

Saber v Conocer

In Spanish we’ve seen how there are to ways to say ‘to be’ – Ser and Estar.

In the same way there are two ways to say ‘to know’ – Conocer and Saber, as we saw in class though both mean ‘to know’ in different ways.

We use Saber to talk about how we ‘know’ knowledge or skills for example to know how to swim (Saber nadar) or to know how to speak Spanish (Saber hablar el español).  You could also know facts, for example (Saber la historia de Irlanda).

Conocer is used to talk about how we know someone, as in to know Mark (Conocer a Mark). Yet it is also used to talk about how you know a country, city or town (conocer Irlanda, conocer Dublín, conocer Stillorgan) ….. BUT BE CAREFUL…. it does not mean that you know about the history of the town or facts about the town but more about where things are in the town and what you can do to spend time there. Click on the link below for a review of Saber v Conocer.



Preterito indefinido – Repaso y práctica

Click here for a link to all exercises and reviews of the indefinido. This is probably the best site for practicing the irregular forms.

Another good review here.  And you can practice with some more exercises by clicking here, just scroll down the page until you find the preterit forms exercises

A couple of nice videos that review The Most Irregular Verbs in the Preterite:

Part 1

Part 2

Remember if you want to get the verb forms perfected then repeated practice and drilling is the way to go. Here are plenty more for you to practice with:

Ver-Taal – Again this link will only bring you to a main page but you can scroll or search for the preterite excercises. There are a few to work with.

6th Year Present Tense Revision – Irregular Verbs

It is essential to you your Irregular Verbs in the Present Tense in order to be able to conjugate the Subjunctive. Below are a list of exercises that you can use to drill these verbs.

Reflexive Verbs

A review of the Reflexive Verbs with a Practice Quiz

Another Review

Practice Quiz 1

Stem Changing Verbs

Verbs with an O -> UE change

Verbs with an E -> IE change

Verbs with an E -> I change

Stem Changing Verb Practice

Another Practice Quiz with a good list of common stem changers

And another quiz

Other Irregular Verbs

Review with a Practice Quiz

Practice Exercise – Fill in the gaps

Irregulars Crossword – click on the numbers for the clue

Regulars and Irregulars

El Imperfecto

The past tense in Spanish is little more difficult than in English. Were we use one past tense Spanish uses two, we’ve already seen one in the Preterite (for a quick review click here). Now we’re going to look at the Imperfect which is used to talk about things you ‘used to do’ (I used to live in Cork, we used to have a dog) or to describe things in the past (the sun was shining, the birds were singing).

We’ll come back to the differences between the two past tenses in more detail but for now lets concentrate on how you form the imperfect. Click on the links below for a review of the imperfect and some practice exercises.

Review of the Imperfect with a practice quiz at the top. 

Another review with another quiz.

Brief summary of the verb endings and irregulars.

Flashcards with verb endings for -AR and -ER/-IR verbs plus the irregulars

A practice exercise where you fill in the box with the correct form of the verb.

A challenge game to practice the forms of the imperfect. The higher the points, the harder the question.

A gap fill activity.

6 Curso – The Spanish Pronouns

Ok, as promised here is are some links to tutorials and exercises on the Object Pronouns in Spanish.

We’ll start with the tutorials: – Have a look at Unit 4 on this page which is all about the Objects Pronouns in Spanish, there are quite a few parts to it but it is well explained in a progressive manner. Each part has it’s own free practice quizzes. – Another good review site with some practice quizzes. Just scroll down to the Pronouns section and browse through the list. – A concise review of the Direct Object Pronouns. It’s in Spanish but don’t let that put you off as the language is quite staightforward. – And from the same site a review of the Indirect Object Pronouns.

Excercises: – A series of exercises on Direct Object Pronouns from BK Nelson. – And some on the Indirect Object Pronouns. – choose between the DO or IDO pronouns of lo and le in this exercise. – From an exercise to practice between the DO and IDO pronouns. – This one tests your ability to locate the pronouns in sentences. – And another

There is a lot here but as you saw today in class it can be confusing and the best way to deal with this is practice.